October 2010 marked the start of the Cholera outbreak in Haiti. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention outbreak notice is still in effect today. Since the first case of Cholera, over 470,000 Haitians have become ill due to this disease. The earthquake in January of 2010 destroyed many homes leading to a number of displaced people. Although the exact means of how this disease was re-introduced into Haiti has not been determined, it is thought to be related to a combination of unsteady public health and flooding after the quake. The situation is still being battled today. The 2010 outbreak was the first in over 100 years for Haiti and although all areas of the country have been affected, the largest portion of the disease is in Artibonite Departmente.
Haiti is not the only area affected by this disease. In November of 2010 the Dominican Republic was also hit with a Cholera outbreak which the CDC still has an outbreak notice warning in effect for.
Cholera might seem like a disease of the past but it is still responsible for over 100,000 deaths globally each year. Characteristics of the disease that call for immediate attention include vomiting, watery diarrhea and leg cramps. When treated right away full recovery is possible without any long term effects.
One basic way to fight the battle against Cholera is by ensuring proper sanitation measures are taken. Since the disease is caused by the spread of a bacteria, the CDC advise that hands should be properly washed and only treated water should be used for drinking and cooking, all messes should be cleaned up as necessary, food should always be thoroughly cooked, and toilets or other proper means of fecal matter disposal needs to be used at all times.